Rural Electrification Programme

Government recognises the fact that rural electrification is a major pillar in enhancing socio – economic development in rural communities. In this regard, the Rural Electrification Fund (REF) was established through an Act of Parliament (Chapter 13:20) of 2002. This resulted in the establishment of the Rural Electrification Agency (REA) whose main focus is to spearhead rapid and equitable electrification of rural areas in Zimbabwe. To date, the rural electrification programme has seen more than 5000 rural institutions, farms, villages, borehole, dam points and irrigation schemes electrified to date.

It is worth noting that the Zimbabwe Rural Electrification Programme has two complementary components as follows:

a. Expanded Rural Electrification Programme

The Expanded Rural Electrification Programme (EREP) seeks to extend the electricity grid into rural areas. All rural public institutions qualify for 100% capital subsidy. These include schools, clinics, and Government extension offices and chiefs homesteads. All other rural electrification programmes qualify for 60% capital subsidy.

b.Electricity End-Use Infrastructure Development

The Electricity End Use Infrastructure Development (EEUID) component endeavours to empower rural communities socio-economically by promoting productive use of electricity in irrigation and cottage industries etc.

The Rural Electrification Fund Act provides for the funding of the programme through levies, loans, fiscal allocations, grants and donations. At present, the Rural Electrification programmes are primarily funded by 6% levy, levied on all electricity consumers as well as fiscal allocations.

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